Tissues in healthy joints are made up of cells that are able to recover from damage - regeneration. Bones, cartilage, synovium, and other components can become unhealthy. Dead, damaged cells accumulate in certain tissues. They are unable to share, which inhibits regeneration. They are difficult to remove, which is a major problem in restoring joint health.
With any physical exertion, strong mechanical stress can damage cells and lead to death. An already ill joint has a hard time bearing the load. It is very difficult to heal. In order to avoid or overcome the disease, the defense mechanisms of joint tissues and cells must be understood. In the field of joint damage, we distinguish between arthritis, arthrosis, polyarthritis and other diseases. Let’s examine in detail the difference between arthritis and arthrosis.
The joint is protected by neuromuscular attenuation. Thanks to the muscle contraction control system, the shock does not occur or is alleviated. The nervous system ensures smooth movements and distribution of loads. At rest, the muscles also stimulate micro-vibrations, which leads to the release of lubricant, the removal of dead cells.
Impairment of neuromuscular attenuation occurs due to poor conduction of nerve pathways. For example, fatigue weakens the joint’s defenses. Dead cells begin to accumulate without time to be excreted. The result is inflammation. Weakening of protection accelerates not only the degradation of the joints but also the spine.
There are several factors that increase the risk of joint disease, from blows, bruises, overload, hypothermia. Arthritis occurs - an inflammatory process. If it is impossible to cure for months, deformities begin - arthrosis.
Specify the reasons for the occurrence:
The disease has the following symptoms:
In addition to the signs listed, symptoms of inflammation may also appear: weakness, sweating, chills, fever. Some people have headaches and weight loss. Sometimes concomitant diseases occur: the heart and lungs are affected.
Due to progressive arthritis, symptoms of arthrosis do not appear in most cases until after 40 years.
The disease is characterized by the following manifestations:
Inflammation often occurs in arthrosis. In addition to painful sensations, swelling is observed (as in arthritis). If symptoms of both diseases persist, arthritic arthritis is diagnosed.
The long-term course of arthrosis can lead to limited mobility. Degenerative changes (contractures) in the tendons in the muscles begin and then deform. In this case, the diagnosis is made - deforming arthrosis or osteoarthritis.
As a result of computed tomography, distinguish the stages of the disease, which are determined by X-rays:
Risk factors for arthrosis include:
Tissues in all situations do not have time to recover during the process of joint destruction.
Both arthritis and arthrosis are increasingly common diseases. Diseases affecting the joints have similar names. The differences lie in the nature of the negative changes that occur during the onset and development of symptoms. The pain in arthritis is a consequence of tissue inflammation. The synovium is affected, its blood supply and lymphatic supply are interrupted, the disease affects the nerve endings. The joint does not nourish properly and does not produce lubricant. Cartilage suffers.
The disease can be observed not only in adults but also in children (juvenile form). The lesion affects all joints, even small ones such as the fingers and can cover several others (polyarthritis).
Arthrosis results from prolonged arthritis. Cartilage and the entire joint do not receive food from the joint fluid (lubricant) for a long time. There are often exacerbations in the form of inflammation. First, the cartilage is destroyed, as is the covering of the bone, and in subsequent stages, the bone tissue may suffer. In cartilage areas there is no time to regenerate, they soften. Violation of surfaces sliding in the joint causes pain.
This disease occurs after 40 years. Touching large joints (hip coxarthrosis or knee gonarthrosis) can lead to disability and make a person disabled. The fingers (osteoarthritis) and legs are less affected. And the disease can also be observed in the temporomandibular, elbow, shoulder and other joints.
Arthrosis is thus a consequence of the development of symptoms of arthritis that enters a destructive stage.
Arthritis cartilage and joint malnutrition should not be exacerbated by inflammation. At the same time as the foci are repaid with anti-inflammatory drugs, the cause must be eliminated. If you do not take action, the disease can become arthrosis. If you suspect both diseases, you need to diagnose them correctly, who should see a doctor. This is done by a rheumatologist, orthopedic traumatologist and surgeon. You have to visit the clinic. And in some diagnostic centers, such patients are served by an arthrologist.
An important principle of healing is to stop destruction while stimulating healing. This approach helps prevent irreversible change. To do this, the tissues are cleaned of cells damaged by injury or infection. Increase blood and lymph flow, nutrition. Inadequate conduction of the neural connections of the spine often causes the development of arthritis and arthrosis. When signs of the disease appear, the load on the joint should be reduced.
Lymph flow, which cleanses tissues of affected cells, is not stimulated. But there is a method for vibroacoustic therapy that consists of exposure to the microvibration of vibrational acoustic therapy (between 30 and 20, 000 Hz). And they also use physiotherapy and exercises. In stages 3 and 4 of the disease, prosthetics are used.
Painful sensations in the area of the joints and dysfunctions in their function cause many serious problems. But an even bigger problem is the inflammatory processes that take place in them, the destruction that restricts movement, it leads to deformities and disabilities. Proper identification of the disease is important so that treatment can be completed in a timely manner. They need to understand the causes of these problems and be aware of the methods available to overcome them.